What are the limitations of EDTA?

Their main disadvantages are that they have low sensitivity and selectivity. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) complexometric titrations are based on the fact that many metallic ions form stable complexes with this tetradentate ligand, EDTA.

What is the role of magnesium chloride when added to EDTA?

EDTA Solution The EDTA will dissolve slowly over a period of a half an hour. Magnesium chloride is added to enhance the sharpness of the endpoint (It forms a more stable complex with the indicator). Filter the EDTA solution into a 1 L bottle, then add approximately 750 mL of water.

Is EDTA titration accurate?

At this low level of concentration, the EDTA- titration method was not reliable for de- termining Mg. A high correlation was found for both the EDTA-titration and the atomic absorption methods for de- termining Ca and Mg in solutions of known concentration.

Does magnesium react with EDTA?

For the titration, the sample solution containing the calcium and magnesium ions is reacted with an excess of EDTA. The indicator is added and remains blue as all the Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions present are complexed with the EDTA. A back titration is carried out using a solution of magnesium chloride.

Is a major drawback of EDTA titrations?

Lack of selectivity: Since EDTA forms stable complexes with most of the metal ions, it lacks selectivity if it is used to estimate a single metal cations from a solution of mixture of metal ions.

What are the limitation of the EDTA titration in determining metal ion concentration?

Limitations of EDTA as titrant: 1. Formation of insoluble hydroxides: Many ETDA titrations are carried out under alkaline pH which may lead to formation of insoluble hydroxides or basic salts that may compete with the complexation process . 2.

Which is more stable calcium EDTA or magnesium EDTA?

(Note that at pH 10, Ca-EDTA complex is more stable than Mg-EDTA complex and also, MgIn-complex is more stable than CaIn-complex.)

Why is it necessary to add a small amount of Mg EDTA complex to the calcium sample before titration?

Adding a small amount of Mg2+–EDTA to the titrand gives a sharper end point. Because Ca2+ forms a stronger complex with EDTA, it displaces Mg2+, which then forms the red-colored Mg2+–calmagite complex.

Is aa more accurate than EDTA?

Both the AA and the EDTA analyses work in determining the hardness of water, but it is always more beneficial to use more then one method in order to show confirmedness and that the results are accurate. AA spectroscopy is more accurate but is also a lot more expensive than doing an EDTA titration (2).

What makes hard water hard lab report?

This lab is concerned with hardness, which is the amount of divalent metallic cations in the water. The primary causes of hardness are calcium (Ca+2) and magnesium (Mg+2) ions, but other metals such as strontium, ferrous iron, manganous, aluminum, and ferric iron can also contribute to hardness.

Why is ammonia buffer used in Mg EDTA titration?

Answer: The buffer adjusts the pH to ensure that the reaction goes to completion. Explanation: A complexometric titration uses the formation of a coloured complex to indicate the endpoint.

What factors influence EDTA titration?

FACTORS AFFECTING THE TITRATION VALUES Nature of the metal ion: When the acidity of the metal ion increases, the complex stability also increases. Ionic size: The smallest ion forms the stable complex. Ionic charge: The higher charge forms the more stable complex is.

How can I calculate the concentration of magnesium in EDTA titration?

Titrate with EDTA solution till the color changes to blue. Calculation of EDTA titration results is always easy, as EDTA reacts with all metal ions in 1:1 ratio: That means number of moles of magnesium is exactly that of number of moles of EDTA used. To calculate magnesium solution concentration use EBAS – stoichiometry calculator.

What is the reaction reaction taking place during titration of magnesium?

Reaction taking place during titration is For 0.01 M titrant and assuming 50 mL burette, aliquot taken for titration should contain about 0.35-0.45 millimoles of magnesium (8.5-11 mg). If preparation of such sample is difficult, we can use different EDTA concentration. End point of magnesium titration is easily detected with Eriochrome Black T.

What happens when EDTA reacts with cations?

If the solution initially contains also different metal ions, they should be removed or masked, as EDTA react easily with most cations (with the exception of alkali metals). Calcium can be precipitated as carbonate or oxalate, although presence of oxalates may make end point detection difficult. Reaction taking place during titration is

How to calculate magnesium solution concentration using EBAs calculator?

To calculate magnesium solution concentration use EBAS – stoichiometry calculator. Download determination of magnesium reaction file, open it with the free trial version of the stoichiometry calculator. Click n=CV button above EDTA 4+ in the input frame, enter volume and concentration of the titrant used. Click Use button.